of Mirabai and her devotion towards Lord Krishna :
I felt its good only if i write some words about Mirabai and her
love for Lord Krishna to satisfy the devotees of Meera and Shree
Krishna. Though i had been to Guruvayur in 2009 april , my devotion
to Lord Krishna emerged due to the respect i have for Bhagavat Gita
and Karna , The charecter my mother likes the most for his humble
nature of "giving".
The following information is from wikipedia. Thanks for all contributers.
Mirabai and Lord Krishna :
Mirabai 1498-1547CE) ( Meera; Mira; Meera Bai) was a Hindu mystical
poetess, philosopher and sage. Her compositions are popular throughout
India. She is held to have been a disciple of Ravidas. She composed
between 1200 to 1300 prayerful songs called bhajans. These bhajans
are in the bhakti tradition, and most passionately praised Lord
Personal life and background
The Mirabai Smarak at Merta City
Mirabai was born in Kudki, a little village near Merta, Rajasthan,
which is presently in Pali district. Her father was Ratan Singh,
a descendant of Rao Rathor, the founder of Jodhpur. When Mirabai
was only 3 years old, a wandering sadhu came to her family’s
home and gave a doll of Krishna to her father. Her father took this
is as a special blessing, but was initially unwilling to give it
to his daughter, because he felt she would not appreciate it. However
Mira had, at first sight, become deeply enamoured with this doll.
She refused to eat until the doll was given to her. To Mira, this
figure of Krishna embodied his living presence. She resolved to
make Krishna her lifelong friend, lover, and husband. Throughout
her turbulent life she never wavered from her youthful commitment.
On one occasion when Mira was still young she saw a wedding procession
going down the street. Turning to her mother she asked in innocence,
“Who will be my husband?” Her mother replied, half in
jest, half in seriousness. “You already have your husband,
Sri Krishna.” Mira’s mother was supportive of her daughter’s
blossoming religious tendencies, but she passed away when she was
At an early age Mira’s father arranged for her to be married
to Prince Bhoj Raj, who was the eldest son of Rana Sanga of Chittor.
They were an influential Hindu family and the marriage significantly
elevated Mira’s social position. However Mira was not enamoured
of the luxuries of the palace. She served her husband dutifully
(Folklore suggest she didn't do so and even refused to accept Prince
as her husband), but in the evening she would spend her time in
devotion and singing to her beloved Sri Krishna. While singing devotional
bhajans, she would frequently lose awareness of the world, entering
into states of ecstasy and trance.
Conflict with Family due to her
pure devotion on lord shree krishna :
However her new family did not approve of her piety and devotion
to Krishna. To make things worse Mira refused to worship their family
deity, Goddess Durga. She said she had already committed herself
to Krishna. Her family became increasingly disapproving of her actions,
but the fame and saintly reputation of Mirabai spread throughout
the region. Often she would spend time discussing spiritual issues
with sadhus and people would join in the singing of her bhajans.
However this just made her family even more jealous. Mira’s
sister-in-law Udabai started to spread false gossip and defamatory
remarks about Mirabai. She said Mira was entertaining men in her
room. Her husband, believing these stories to be true, tore into
her room with sword in hand. However he saw Mira only playing with
a doll. No man was there at all. Yet throughout these hysterical
slanders Mirabai remained unmoved by both the criticism and praise
of the world.
How beautiful and eternal is Mirabai's
devotion on lord Krishna :
Mira’s fame spread far and wide her devotional bhajans were
sung across northern India. It is said that the fame and spirituality
of Mirabai reached the ears of the Moghul Emperor Akbar. Akbar was
tremendously powerful, but he was also very interested in different
religious paths. However, he and Mirabai’s family were the
worst enemies. Visiting Mirabai would cause problems for both Akbar
and Mirabai, but Akbar was determined to see Mirabai, the Princess
Disguised as a beggar, he travelled with Tansen to visit Mirabai.
Akbar was so enamoured of her soulful music and devotional singing
that before leaving, he placed a priceless necklace at her feet;
unfortunately, the necklace revealed about the visit to Mirabai's
husband Bhoj Raj, who was furious that a Muslim and his own arch-enemy
had seen his wife. Bhoj Raj ordered Mirabai to commit suicide by
drowning herself in a river. Mirabai intended to honour her husband's
command, but as she was entering the river, Sri Krishna appeared
to her and commanded her to leave for Vrindavan where she could
worship him in peace. So with a few followers, Mirabai left for
Vrindavan, where she spent her time in devotion to Sri Krishna.
After a while her husband repented, feeling that his wife was actually
a real saint. Thus he travelled to Vrindavan and asked her to return
to him. Mirabai agreed, much to the displeasure of the rest of her
However, Mira’s husband died soon after, fighting in battles
with the Moghul emperors. This made the situation even worse for
Mirabai. Her father in law, Rana Sanga, saw her husband’s
death as a way to be rid of Mirabai. He commanded her to commit
sati. However Mirabai, with the inner direct assurance of her beloved
Sri Krishna, said that she would not do this. Her real husband,
Sri Krishna had not died.
After this experience, her family continued to torture her. They
restricted her movements and sought to make her life as uncomfortable
as possible. Yet in the face of all these trials and tribulations,
she remained detached from her physical suffering. Nothing disturbed
her inner connection to Govinda (Krishna as young cowherd boy).
Legend says that twice her family tried to kill her: once with a
venomous snake and once with a poisonous drink. On both occasions,
Mirabai, protected by the Grace of Sri Krishna, came to no harm.
However the relentless torments and hostility interfered with her
life of devotion and contemplation on Krishna. She sought the advice
of learned men and saints. They advised her to leave the palace
and return to Vrindavan. Secretly with some followers she slipped
out of the palace and escaped to the holy city of Vrindavan. In
Vrindavan Mirabai was free to worship Giridhara (Govinda) to her
heart’s content. She would spend her time singing bhajans
and in ecstatic communion with Krishna. Like a true bhakti she worshipped
God wholeheartedly. The riches of the world offered no attraction
to Mirabai; her only satisfaction came from her single minded devotion
to Sri Krishna. Her soul was ever yearning for Krishna. She considered
herself to be a gopi of Vrindavan, mad only with pure love for Krishna.
Even learned sadhus would come to her for inspiration. There is
a story of one respected spiritual master who refused to speak to
Mirabai because she was a woman. Mirabai replied there was only
one real man in Vrindavan, Krishna; everyone else was a gopi of
Krishna. On hearing this the spiritual teacher accepted the wisdom
of Mirabai and agreed to talk to her. Later Mirabai would become
his student. Vaishnava records indicate that the name of that Spiritual
Master is Rupa Goswami, a disciple of Sri Krishna Caitanya.
Her Samaadhi : ( Earthly life merging
with God )
Lengend says that once when she was singing in Dwarka, her ecstacy
reached to such a high pitch that Lord Krishna, who was till then
in the form a statue, appeared before her. At that moment, He smiled
at her and extended His arms towards her as if indicating Mirabai
to come to him. When Mirabai saw this sight, she fainted at the
feet of her lord. All those around saw a light that travelled from
the feet of the lord to His heart. Mirabai was united with her lord,
with whom she yearned to be with since the age of three.
Poetry of Mirabai in praise of Lord
Mirabai belongs to the Saguna class of worshippers of Brahman.
Theologically, they believed that between atman and paramatma (here
the Sanskrit Parama- carries approximately the same meaning as Latin
Trans-), this physical body is the only wall, and upon death the
atman and paramatman will combine, just as a pot filled with water
is placed in pond and if the pot breaks the water inside (atman)
will combine with the water outside (Parama Atman).
Mirabai's poetry holds love for Krishna closer to her heart than
the love for friends and family. She perceived Krishna to be her
husband, lover, lord and master. The unique characteristic of Mirabai's
poetry is the use of complete surrender to her love for Krishna.
Her longing for union with Krishna is predominant in Mira's poetry
who says she wants to be "coloured with the colour of dusk"
(dusk being the symbolic colour of Krishna). She believed that in
her previous life she was one of the several gopis in Vrindavan,
in love with Krishna. Much like the gopis, as mentioned in the life
of Krishna, Mirabai looked upon Krishna as her lover, seeking spiritual
and physical union with him. Her writings were at the same time,
spiritual and highly devotional. Mirabai's songs portray a personal
universe where the only existence was that of Krishna - her sole
object of desire.
A Mirabai poem is traditionally called a pada, a term used by the
14th century preachers for a small spiritual song. This is usually
composed in simple rhythms and carries a refrain within itself.
Her collection of songs is called the Padavali. The typicality of
Indian love poetry of those days was used by Mirabai but as an instrument
to express her deepest emotions felt for her ishta-devata. Her typical
medium of singing was Vraja-bhasha, a dialect of Hindi spoken in
and around Vrindavan (the childhood home of Krishna), sometimes
mixed with Rajasthani.
An example poem:
That dark dweller in Brajj
Is my only refuge.
O my companion,
Worldly comfort is an illusion,
As soon you get it, it goes.
I have chosen the indestructible for my refuge,
Him whom the snake of death
Will not devour.
My beloved dwells in my heart all day,
I have actually seen that abode of joy.
Mira's lord is Hari, the indestructible.
My lord, I have taken refuge with Thee,
The poetry of Mirabai has been translated by Robert Bly in his
Mirabai Versions (New York; Red Ozier Press, 1984). Composer John
Harbison adapted Bly's translations for his Mirabai Songs.
Thanks to wikipedia for the article.
Friends , hope you learnt the pure devotion
of Mira and also Greatness of Lighting lamps
Venkat Raman - Always in the holy feets of
shirdi sai baba
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